Impact of COnstructing Non-motorised Networks and Evaluating Changes in Travel
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Background literature


  • Brand, C. and Boardman, B. (2008) Taming of the few - The unequal distribution of greenhouse gas emissions from personal travel in the UK. Energy Policy, 36, 1, 224-238
  • Cairns, S., Sloman, L., Newsom, C., Anable, J., Kirkbride, A. and Goodwin, P. (2004). Smarter choices – changing the way we travel. London: DfT.
  • Cavill, N., Kahlmeier, S., Rutter, H., Racioppi, F. and Oja, P. (2007). Economic assessment of transport infrastructure and policies. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.
  • Chief Medical Officer (2004). At least five a week: evidence on the impact of physical activity and its relationship to health. London: Department of Health.
  • Committee on Physical Activity, Health, Transportation, and Land Use (2005). Does the built environment influence physical activity? Examining the evidence. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.
  • Cope, A., Cairns, S., Fox, K., Lawlor, D., Lockie, M., Lumsdon, L., et al. (2003). The UK National Cycle Network: an assessment of the benefits of a sustainable transport infrastructure. World Transport Policy Practice, 9, 6-17.
  • DfT (2004). The future of transport - White Paper CM 6234. London: DfT.
  • DfT (2005). Delivery of National Cycling Strategy: a review. London: DfT.
  • DfT (2006). Transport Statistics Bulletin: National Travel Survey 2006. London: DfT.
  • DfT (2007). Towards a sustainable transport system: supporting economic growth in a low carbon world. London: Stationery Office.
  • Foresight (2007). Tackling obesities: future choices. London: Department of Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform.
  • Giles-Corti, B. (2006). People or places: what should be the target? J Sci Med Sport, 9, 357-366.
  • Kelly, M., McDaid, D., Ludbrook, A. and Powell, J. (2005). Economic appraisal of public health interventions: evidence briefing. London: Health Development Agency.
  • Mackett, R., Brown, B., Gong, Y., Kitazawa, K. and Paskins, J. (2007) Children’s Independent Movement in the Local Environment. Built Environment, 33, 4, 454-468.
  • Mutrie, N., Carney, C., Blamey, A., Crawford, F., Aitchison, T. and Whitelaw, A. (2002). "Walk in to work out": a randomised controlled trial of a self help intervention to promote active commuting. J Epidemiol Community Health, 56, 407-412.
  • NICE (2008). Promoting and creating built or natural environments that encourage and support physical activity. London: NICE (forthcoming on 23 January 2008).
  • Ogilvie, D., Foster, C., Rothnie, H., Cavill, N., Hamilton, V., Fitzsimons, C. and Mutrie, N. on behalf of the Scottish Physical Activity Research Collaboration (2007). Interventions to promote walking: systematic review. BMJ, 334, 1204–1207.
  • Ogilvie, D., Mitchell, R., Mutrie, N., Petticrew, M. and Platt, S. (2006). Evaluating health effects of transport interventions: methodologic case study. Am J Prev Med, 31, 118-126.
  • Pawson, R. and Tilley, N. (1997). Realistic evaluation. London: Sage.
  • Potter, S. (2007). Sustainability, energy conservation and personal transport. In Warren, J. (Ed). Managing transport energy. Power for a sustainable future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Stamatakis, E., Ekelund, U. and Wareham, N. (2007). Temporal trends in physical activity in England: The Health Survey for England 1991 to 2004. Prev Med, 45, 416-423.
  • Stockholm Environmental Institute (2005). Social cost of carbon: a closer look at uncertainty. London: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
  • Sustrans (2007) Low carbon travel: Reducing the climate change impact of road transport, Information Sheet FF44. Bristol: Sustrans.
  • Wardman, M, Tight, M. and Page, M. (2007). Factors influencing the propensity to cycle to work. Transportation Research A, 41, 339-350.
  • Woodcock, J., Banister, D., Edwards, P., Prentice, A. and Roberts, I. (2007) Energy and transport. Lancet, 370, 1078-1088.

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